The Goal-Oriented Process and the Impact of Technology on Society
Technology is the development of new processes for achieving goals, and is therefore instrumental in nature. Schatzberg argues that this ‘instrumental’ definition and reason are misleading. She highlights the Goal-oriented process and the impact of technology on society. While we may not be able to avoid technological developments entirely, we should be careful not to make them our primary concerns. For example, technology may be instrumental to the development of science and engineering, but if we consider it as a means to achieve those goals, it might not be as useful as we would like.
The instrumental definition in technology is often used to decry technological progress, but it fails to recognize human agency. It treats technology as a force or a means to an end, and it incites fear that technology will run out of control. It attributes human agency to narrow technical elites or to rare creative geniuses. This stance has many negative implications for human welfare. To understand why instrumental definitions are so detrimental, it helps to look at technology through the eyes of other cultures and countries.
In a world of high technological advancement, we live in an age of instrumental reason. This kind of reason is often insensitive to moral, social, and other vital concerns, focusing only on the end result. The problems with instrumental reason are that it ignores long-term consequences. Moreover, it is monological rather than dialogical in its thinking process, and as a result, is the enemy of rationality. To counter this problem, we must consider the history of instrumental reason in technology.
A goal-oriented process in technology involves integrating action into a larger context. A process’ outcome is either an output or a handover. It also connects a process’s outcome to the broader business strategy and capability. In a Balanced Scorecard, a causally linked set of goals forms the Strategy Map. With goal-oriented processes, the process flows can be designed to be as predictable as possible while still being flexible and adaptable enough to incorporate new goals and constraints as necessary.
Impact on society
In recent years, technological advances have brought about changes that have been both beneficial and harmful for our society. While better technologies have improved life expectancy and produced more plentiful sustenance, they have also impacted some parts of our society. For example, the excessive use of machinery has reduced the number of people needed at work. As companies continue to mechanize more of our daily activities, this is a big concern for people who rely on their manual abilities.
Future of technology
The Future of Technology program is designed to develop a framework for assessing disruptive technology trends and a road map to implementing innovation strategies. Students will study specific aspects of emerging technologies and develop tools for analyzing tech-driven futures. Students will participate in live sessions, hear from expert guest speakers, and learn from real-world case studies that feature prominent companies. The course combines theory with hands-on experience to teach students how to create technology-driven futures.