An Overview of Religion
What is Religion? A cultural system of beliefs, practices, and ethics. It answers fundamental questions, influences social life, and even informs politics. This article provides an overview of religion. Read on to learn about religion and its varied expressions. Listed below are some common definitions. To understand religion, begin with its definition of values. Then explore different aspects of it. Its roots are in ancient times, and it has changed over time. How does Religion affect human behavior?
Religion is a cultural system of behaviors, practices and ethics
As a cultural system, religion has evolved through the ages to influence social behaviors, moral standards, and laws. Most people associate religion with monks and nuns. However, the term “religion” is not strictly defined. In fact, a wide variety of beliefs and practices exist in many different cultures. As an example, Edward Burnett Tylor defined religion as “the belief in a spiritual being or beings”. While he did not identify specific developments as being religious, he did suggest that all societies have some form of mythology.
It provides answers to fundamental questions
Most philosophers view religion as a form of natural selection. According to Durkheim, religion fulfills three basic functions within societies: it ensures social cohesion, provides answers to the most fundamental questions of life, and reinforces collective energies. These functions, he argues, make religion fundamental for human survival. Here are some of the reasons why people turn to religion:
It influences social life
Religion influences social life in many ways. In the Muslim world, it is so important that it shapes social behavior. The Muslim religious tradition teaches its followers about merit in the sacred texts. It is also linked to a sense of social harmony and collective behavior. It influences the practice of criminal behavior and out-of-wedlock births. Most Muslims see this as a good thing and practice religion to be more socially responsible. However, there are some negative consequences to religion.
It influences politics
Since the 1980s, the religious right has dominated the public square, and evangelical fundamentalism has come into its own. While the Rev. Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr. was perhaps the most prominent Christian figure of all time, many evangelical leaders have now entered the political realm. Judge Roy Moore, who won the Alabama Senate seat in 2010, embodies this tradition. Jerry Falwell Jr. and Johnnie Moore are among the evangelical leaders advising Trump.
It influences adolescence
There are several important lines of research supporting the fact that religion influences adolescence. The Social-Emotional Development Theory, developed by Erik Erikson, suggests that adolescence is a time when adolescent search for role models and internalize religious values and beliefs. Consequently, religion can have a positive effect on the development of an adolescent and its subsequent participation in the social system.